Alcohol dependence is a common psychiatric disorder with lifetime prevalence estimates of 7% to 12.5% in most Western countries.    Alcohol dependence is uncommon in countries with large Muslim populations, and is most common in European countries. Men outnumber women by a ratio of more than 2 to 1, although female alcoholism is probably under-reported. In the US, a recent estimate of the 1-year population prevalence of alcohol use disorders (abuse or dependence) was 8.5%.  About 8 million people currently meet diagnostic criteria for alcohol dependence in the US.  In primary care settings, the prevalence of alcohol use disorders ranges from 20% to 36%.  It is estimated that alcohol causes a significant global disease mortality burden, accounting for 3.2% of global deaths. Studies suggest that alcohol-related problems, as measured by disability-adjusted life years lost, are greatest in resource-poor countries.     
Epocrates, Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Epocrates iPhone Epocrates Android Epocrates Palm Epocrates Free Download
Epocrates Institutional Sales Epocrates Market Research Epocrates CME Epocrates Mobile Resource Centers Epocrates Clinical Content