Last Updated: 2013-05-16
Can be clinically categorized into uncomplicated/complicated, acute, or recurrent.
Escherichia coli is the most common organism in uncomplicated infections.
Costovertebral angle tenderness together with fever suggests pyelonephritis.
Diagnosed using urine dipstick, microscopic urinalysis (bacteria, WBC, RBC), and urine culture.
Antibiotic selection should be guided by local bacterial susceptibilities and guidelines, or based on known urine culture and sensitivity.
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