Common cause of acute respiratory distress in children.
Acute onset of seal-like barky cough, in moderate to severe cases accompanied by stridor and sternal/intercostal indrawing.
Careful history and physical exam sufficient for confirming clinical diagnosis and ruling out potentially serious differentials.
Orally administered corticosteroids are the mainstay for all levels of severity, combined with nebulized epinephrine in moderate to severe croup to provide temporary relief of the symptoms of upper-airway obstruction.
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