Chlamydial genital infection is the most frequently reported infectious disease in the US.
Many infected individuals are asymptomatic.
In women, there may be cervical inflammation or yellow, cloudy discharge from the cervical os.
In men, there may be a discharge from the penis.
Nonculture techniques such as nucleic acid amplification test are available. Tests in men are performed on urine or urethral samples. Tests in women are performed on urine, cervical, or self-collected vaginal samples.
Untreated or inadequately treated patients risk possible ascending infection and further complications. Patients also risk spreading the infection to sexual partners.
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