Last Updated: 2013-11-04
Most common in school-aged children during the winter months.
Acute onset of sore throat occurs in the absence of nasal congestion and discharge.
Rapid antigen detection tests allow immediate point-of-care assessment of pharyngitis.
The goal of treatment is to prevent acute rheumatic fever, reduce the severity and duration of symptoms, and prevent transmission.
Symptom resolution is within one to a few days. Infected individuals are not, however, immune to reinfection.
The only situation in which antibiotic prophylaxis is necessary is for group A Streptococcus (GAS) infections in individuals with a history of rheumatic fever.
Typical pseudomembrane of diphtheria pharyngitis
Copyright Department of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Princess Margaret Hospital, Hong Kong; used with permission
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