Relatively common, chronic pattern of perceptual and behavioral abnormalities. These manifest as problems in at least 2 of the following domains: cognitive-perceptual, affect regulation, interpersonal functioning, or impulse control.
Onset of symptoms in childhood/adolescence with stability over time.
Typical presentation involves comorbid disorders (more than one personality disorder or additional diagnoses of depression, anxiety, somatoform, or substance abuse disorder).
Ongoing relationship with primary care physician is essential but may be challenging to maintain.
Potential for self-harm must be monitored.
Psychotherapy is indicated in most cases. Selective use of pharmacotherapy can provide added benefit.