Defined as BP greater than 140/90 mmHg.
Typically diagnosed by screening of an asymptomatic individual.
Treatment of uncontrolled HTN reduces the risks of mortality and of cardiac, vascular, renal, or cerebrovascular complications.
Lifestyle changes are recommended for all patients: weight loss, exercise, decreased sodium intake, and moderation of alcohol consumption.
Choice of drug therapy is often driven by considerations related to comorbid disease, but achievement of BP goal supersedes choice of therapeutic agent(s).