Epidemic disease prevalent worldwide whose incidence has been curtailed markedly in countries where immunization is widespread.
Characterized by cough, coryza, conjunctivitis, a characteristic exanthem, and a pathognomonic enanthem (Koplik spots).
Preventable by immunization but high levels of coverage are required to prevent outbreaks of disease from occurring.
No specific treatment for measles is available except for supportive care.
Complications of measles are more common in immunocompromised and poorly nourished individuals and include pneumonia, laryngotracheitis, otitis media, and encephalitis.
Picture of a baby with measles
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
- potential exposure to measles
- unimmunized or vaccine failure
- Koplik spots
- maculopapular rash
1st Tests To Order
- measles-specific IgM and IgG serology (ELISA)
Other Tests to Consider
- acute and convalescent sera for measles-specific IgG and IgM
- antigen detection by fluorescent antibody or PCR techniques
- isolation of virus in tissue culture system
- supportive care
- vitamin A supplementation