Common childhood-onset disorder characterized by inattention, hyperactivity, and/or impulsivity demonstrated across 2 or more settings (such as home and school).
Some impairment must be present by 7 years of age and 60% to 70% of patients have persistent functional impairment into adulthood.
Diagnosed by clinical history, which should include information from parents, caregivers, and teachers.
Mainstay of treatment is stimulant medication, which can be effective in 85% of patients.
Stimulant medications have been associated with cardiovascular side effects. These should be monitored in children with heart conditions.