Sudden onset of at least 1 positive psychotic symptom (e.g., delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech, grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior).
Episode lasts for a short duration (1 to 30 days), with return to full premorbid level of functioning; can occur in the presence or absence of a major stressor.
Diagnosis can only be made if other drug-induced, medical, neurologic, or other psychiatric conditions can be excluded as causes.
Postpartum BPD is probable when the onset of psychotic symptoms occurs within 4 weeks after giving birth.
Treatment is with antipsychotic medication and follow-up care with a psychiatric specialist to monitor progress and reduce risk of recurrence.
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