Common, and mostly harmless condition characterized by repeated sudden contractions of the inspiratory muscles terminated by an abrupt closure of the glottis to produce a distinctive "hic" sound.
Most hiccups are benign and self-limiting, rarely requiring medical attention. However, various organic and psychogenic causes can lead to persistent, intractable hiccups that can last for years.
Persistent intractable hiccups can lead to malnutrition, weight loss, dehydration, fatigue, depression, insomnia, and reduced quality of life.
Various therapies have been described from over-the-counter remedies to mechanical stimulation of the involved anatomic structures.
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